The apolitical social contract: the contemporary democratic politics beyond depoliticized social contract | Danner | Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia

The apolitical social contract: the contemporary democratic politics beyond depoliticized social contract

Leno Francisco Danner

Resumo


I criticize in the paper, by the analysis of Rawls’ original position and Habermas’ idea of complex society, the social contract theories’ unpolitical starting point, arguing that such depoliticized starting point leads to the refusal of the centrality of the social struggles between classes as the basis of streamlining of the social evolution and institutional constitution. It erases and even eliminates in order to achieve the political agreement the social struggles between social classes, the status quo and the social-political differences between social groups as the core of societal and institutional configuration. It leads also to the strong institutionalism, i.e. to the centrality of the formal spheres and subjects (institutions, their proceduralism and legal staff, as political parties and courts) in relation to informal spheres and subjects (civil society, social movements and citizen initiatives). Therefore, the political consequences of a depoliticized or unpolitical starting point are triple: (a) the depoliticization of the social struggles between opposed social classes, (b) the strong institutionalism by the emphasis in the depoliticized institutions and in the rule of law, and (c) the weakening of a democratic political praxis which is made by social movements and citizen initiatives from a direct contraposition and even substitution of the institutions, their proceduralism and legal staff by the spontaneous political-cultural praxis of the social movements and citizen initiatives. The contemporary democratic societies’ great problem and challenge, i.e. the correlation between strong institutionalism, political parties and economic oligarchies, cannot be resolved from the juridical-political procedural paradigm’s emphasis in the institutionalism and in the rule of law, but only by a reaffirmation of the political praxis as the fundamental core of the institutional and societal constitution, legitimation and evolution, which implicates that democratic politics must be conceived as a permanent struggle against strong institutionalism by civil society’s political subjects, and here it is required a permanent and radical politicization of the informal public spheres and subjects.   


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